Who are we?
The Centre for Trauma Sciences (C4TS) is a world-leading Centre of excellence for translational research at SMD. The research team from C4TS is based at the Blizard Institute and The Royal London Hospital. The Royal London Hospital is one of London’s Major Trauma Centres and is the busiest trauma centre in Europe.
C4TS focuses on the immediate post-injury phase, with research into the pathophysiology of injury and a pathway to ensure the translation of research into practice and into policy. World class research is coupled with international education and dissemination programmes to improve care and outcomes of trauma patients worldwide.
Study with us
Located within the context of one of the country’s best teaching hospitals, the C4TS has developed its own undergraduate and post-graduate education programs.
Students benefit from the supervision of world renowned researchers and clinicians, hands on experience of the RLH Major Trauma Centre, and access to the Blizard Institute’s state of the art laboratory facilities. Our distance learning MScs provide students with a broad and critical understanding of the most up-to-date science and practice of trauma care in a range of environments.
What is trauma?
Trauma is the disease caused by physical injury. Trauma has only been called a “disease” since the 1970s. Although it seems strange at first, it is the correct term to use. Severe injury triggers a sequence of changes within the cells of the body and can lead to critical and disabling illness. Just like other diseases such as cancer, HIV and heart disease we need to understand these changes to improve survival and recovery.
What are the causes of trauma?
Severe injuries occur from a variety of different mechanisms. In the UK, the most common incidents are collisions with motor vehicles either as drivers, passengers, pedestrians or cyclists, and falls from height. Trauma also occurs from injuries with weapons such as knives or guns. Unpredictable events like train crashes, natural disasters and terror attacks can injure many people at the same time.
How big is the problem?
Traumatic injury kills more people below the age of 45, than any other disease process. In the UK, it accounts for over 17,00 deaths per year. The Royal London Hospital Major Trauma Centre admits around 2200 patients every year.
For every patient who dies several more become disabled and cannot return to work or conduct their normal daily activities.
When you combine the loss of earnings with the medical treatment and long-term care some patients require, the socioeconomic cost of treating trauma patients is huge.
London’s Major Trauma System
In April 2010, the Royal London Hospital helped drive the establishment of the UK’s first regional trauma system for the greater London area, spanning 10 million people.
Following this, regional trauma systems have been implemented across the UK, and national data from the Trauma Audit and Research Network (TARN) shows that survival rates for severely injured patients have significantly improved as a result.